Oh, that loathsome Facebook, the great distractor of students. It is difficult for teachers to facilitate a classroom when the students are preoccupied with liking status updates or looking at pictures of their friends from last weekend. Whether in the computer lab or on smartphones, Facebook continues to be a technological threat. It is a sworn enemy to educators.
But what if Facebook and teachers were able come to some form of truce? What if they could join forces and somehow learn to love each other? For tech-savvy history teachers this notion can easily become a reality. Signs of this lesson could be seen in College Humor’s Facebook History.
The idea is simple; maybe even a little too simple. What if students were not just allowed but encouraged to use Facebook to chat with classmates? Their response would be predictable although it is not clear how teachers would benefit from this allowance. And this is where we see the catch…students would not be allowed to chat on their personal profiles, but rather a fictional profile of the historical figure they were assigned!
To put it more clearly, students would all be using Facebook under their fictional historical profiles. For those who ever wondered how King George III would have reacted to Thomas Jefferson’s status update stating, “My draft of the Declaration of Independence has been ratified by the Continental Congress. America is now free and independent from Great Britain!” Or what about Pope Leo X’s reaction after looking at his news feed and seeing that Martin Luther had posted the Ninety-Five Theses and already has thousands of likes?
HOW IT WORKS
I see this type of lesson working great with history teachers who are entering a unit which has a wealth of important figures (i.e. American Revolution, World War II, The Protestant Reformation, The Fall of the Roman Republic, etc.) for the students to be assigned. Throughout the unit as the class learns the material in whichever fashion the teacher deems fit, the students will continue to chat and possibly battle on Facebook.
My preferred method of implementing this strategy is using it as a complementary piece to the core unit and instruction. Students (either assigned or having signed up for a figure) are then to make a Facebook page about them. Initially, the students fill out the information on their figure for a grade.
As the unit progresses, students are required to comment on classmate’s status updates or photo albums. This requires them to understand their character, what their motives/objectives are, and who they see as a friend or foe. Communication is based on what their figure would say in a situation, not them.
Of course, the instructor will have his/her hands full with this assignment. Along with proctoring the language/ content between students and ensuring they have met the requirements, teachers must instigate conflict. This is where (for some – hopefully all) teachers get to have their own personal fun and be creative.
Say you are teaching a unit on the American Revolution and the class is at the Declaration of Independence. The teacher can create their own page (or have a student assigned to it) called “The Second Continental Congress” and assign the class to chat on this page as their characters, asking “What would John Adams say about loyalty to the British?” or “What would George Washington say?” then abruptly scold the student who spoke on the page as him since Washington did not participate in the Second Continental Congress.
That latter part of those questions holds weight. Playing off the theme of Assessment for Learning (this will be highlighted in my next post) for any student who mistakenly appears in a location they were not meant to or an uncharacteristic comment is provided by a figure, the class (and most importantly the student who committed the error) must understand WHY this was wrong and understand what could have been used in its place.
Teachers can make pages concerning battles, events, conferences, treaties, or any other important element related to the unit. The Facebook discussion can continue throughout the unit through time allotted during class and (if possible) for homework. I understand that there are multiple ways in which this lesson would be prohibited in schools, so an alternative is detailed later.
GRADING THIS PROJECT
This project-based assessment (or assignment if you wish) involves a great deal of time and energy from the teacher for the assessment/assignment to be productive, but the benefits which it could produce are well worth the effort. “Historical Facebook” is an ongoing portfolio-based body of work which evolves during the unit. The student can be graded on multiple levels and at various times for their work on their figure.
The initial grade comes from a completion of their page and its info section. Each character’s url address is sent and monitored by the teacher. Weekly marks can be made by evaluating student effort and performance. Perhaps a minimum of two posts and four comments each week based on their character’s involvement and portrayal would suffice, depending on the class.
The students’ overall performance can be evaluated by the teacher in accordance to the rubric. Hopefully by the end of the unit, a vast collection of exchanges and events will allow the class to look over their fictional Facebook universe and see which characters said or did what.
IF FACEBOOK CANNOT BE USED
For many schools or even teachers, the prospect of using Facebook within the classroom is heavily frowned upon. I respect this viewpoint and suggest an alternative. Instead of using online media to facilitate discussion, teachers could have students create physical forms of their status updates through poster boards or large sheets of paper from the art room.
Classmates can walk around and look at other poster boards commenting on status updates in their character. Although this prohibits multimedia and centrality of content, the use of physical displays of content over using social networking has many benefits.
Students are not tempted at the chance to surf the internet or go on their personal Facebook profile, is the most obvious advantage. The class is less tempted to say something crude or insulting if they must write their words in the middle of the class instead of behind a computer screen.
This lesson strategy is an acquired taste. Not all history teachers will be persuaded to participate in this time and energy draining exercise. But nonetheless, the incorporation of Facebook and education is not just a reality, but an outlet for creativity and fun.
Students are required to think critically, engage in historical dialogues, and embrace the mentality of their figure, all while using social networking media. But the ultimate question which needs to be answered before any of this happens Is if this a strategy teachers should invest in or is it asking for trouble.